Why You Should Consider Adding Bitcoin to Your Portfolio in 2021

Introduction to Bitcoin

Bitcoin is a digital currency that was created in 2009 by an unknown person using the alias Satoshi Nakamoto. It operates independently of central banks and governments, making it a decentralized form of money. Unlike traditional currencies such as dollars or euros, bitcoins are not printed but rather mined through complex mathematical algorithms. This process involves solving difficult puzzles which require significant computing power. The result is a new block added to the blockchain, containing several transactions. Each block contains a unique code called a hash, which links it to the previous block, creating a chain of blocks that cannot be altered retroactively without changing all subsequent blocks.

The History of Bitcoin

In its early days, bitcoin was used primarily for illicit activities on dark web markets like Silk Road. However, over time, more legitimate businesses began accepting bitcoin as payment. In fact, some major companies like Microsoft, Expedia, and Overstock have started accepting bitcoin payments. Additionally, there are now numerous cryptocurrency exchanges where you can buy and sell bitcoin with other cryptocurrencies or fiat currencies like USD or EUR.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency refers to any type of digital currency that uses encryption techniques to regulate the generation of units and verify the transfer of funds. These coins operate independently of central banks and governments, allowing users to conduct transactions without third-party intermediaries like banks. There are many different types of cryptocurrencies available today, including Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ethereum, Ripple, and more.

Why Invest in Bitcoin?

There are several reasons why investing in bitcoin could be beneficial:

1. Growth Potential – Bitcoin has shown impressive growth potential since its creation in 2009. For example, one bitcoin was worth less than $1000 in January 2017, but by December of that year, it had surpassed $18,000 per coin. While past performance does not guarantee future results, this trend suggests that bitcoin may continue to grow in value.

2. Decentralization – As mentioned earlier, bitcoin is a decentralized currency, meaning it is not controlled by any government or financial institution. This makes it less vulnerable to political instability or economic downturns.

3. Anonymity – Transactions made with bitcoin are anonymous, meaning your personal information is not shared with anyone else involved in the transaction. This level of privacy is attractive to many individuals who want to protect their identity online.

How to Buy and Store Bitcoin

To purchase bitcoin, you will need to set up an account at a cryptocurrency exchange. Once you have funded your account, you can then buy bitcoin using a credit card or bank transfer. You can also mine bitcoin yourself, although this requires significant computational resources and expertise.

Once you have purchased bitcoin, you will need to store them safely. There are various ways to do this, including keeping them in a wallet app on your phone or computer, storing them on a hardware device like a Trezor or Ledger Nano X, or even physically writing down your private key on paper and keeping it safe.

Risks Associated with Bitcoin Investment

Like any investment, there are risks associated with buying and holding bitcoin. Some of these include:

1. Volatility – The price of bitcoin can fluctuate rapidly, meaning you could lose money if you decide to sell when the price is low.

2. Security Risks – If you keep your bitcoin on an exchange or in a wallet provided by a third party, there is a risk that hackers could steal your coins. To mitigate this risk, it’s important to use strong passwords and two-factor authentication whenever possible.

3. Regulatory Concerns – Governments around the world are still grappling with how to regulate cryptocurrencies like bitcoin. This means that laws and policies related to bitcoin could change suddenly, potentially impacting its value.


While bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are still relatively new and untested, they offer an exciting opportunity for investors looking to diversify their portfolios. By understanding the basics of how bitcoin works, the history behind it, and the potential benefits and risks associated with investing in it, you can make informed decisions about whether it’s right for you.

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